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Open IPTV Forum
Release 2 Specification

Volume 1 - Overview

[V2.3] - [2014-01-24]

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This specification has been produced by the Open IPTV Forum (OIPF).

The Release 2 specifications provide multiple options for some features. The Open IPTV Forum Profiles specification complements the Release 2 specifications by defining the Open IPTV Forum implementation and deployment profiles.

The Open IPTV Forum Release 2 Solution specification consists of ten Volumes:

The Release 1 IPTV Solution specifications were first published in January 2009. They were revised and re-published as V1.1 in October 2009.

The Release 2 Version 2.0 IPTV Solution specifications were based on the Release 1 V1.1 specifications, including all errata that had been resolved by the time of publication. Release 2 adds new functionality compared to Release 1. The additional services and features are described in the Overview.

The Release 2 Version 2.1 IPTV Solution specifications add several new features and improvements, to meet the Release 2 requirements, that could not be added to Release 2 Version 2.0 owing to timing concerns. Errata noted since the publication of Release 2 Version 2.0 and some additional errata identified for Release 1 Version 1.1 have been silently incorporated into Release 2 Version 2.1.

The Release 2 Version 2.2 IPTV Solution specifications add adaptive bitrate streaming based in MPEG-DASH and support for 3D content as well as some additional useful updates to the IPTV Solution.

The Release 2 Version 2.3 IPTV Solution specifications add the features of the Web Standards TV Profile in the new volume 5a, various amendments to the Declarative Application Environments (volume 5), Simple Secure Streaming in volume 7, provider network interfaces for content preparation in the Functional Architecture and in Volume 4, more flexible accommodation of content protection schemes in the Functional Architecture, clarifications on Scheduled Content streaming and hybrid services throughout the IPTV Solution, as well as various minor improvements and updated normative references. These additions are described in more detail in the relevant sections below and in the corresponding volumes.

Thus, implementers are advised to use the Release 2 Version 2.3 specifications, even if it is for services and features described in Release 2 Version 2.0.

The Overview (Volume 1, the present document) is an informative guide to the other Volumes, which deal with the specific aspects of the Release 2 Solution.




1. Scope (Informative)

The Open IPTV Forum (OIPF) IPTV Solution provides the specifications for an end-to-end platform for the deployment of IPTV Services. Figure 1 shows a high-level logical view of the scope of the OIPF IPTV Solution.

The Open IPTV Forum has developed an end-to-end solution to allow any consumer end-device, compliant to the Open IPTV Forum specifications, to access enriched and personalised IPTV services either in a managed or a non-managed network.

To that end, the Open IPTV Forum focuses on standardising the user-to-network interface (UNI) both for a managed and a non-managed network, as depicted in Figure 1.

figure 1
Figure 1: Open IPTV Forum scope

Throughout the specifications, the terms “Open Internet” and “Unmanaged Network” are used interchangeably, to refer to the ability to access any Service Provider using any Access Network Provider without any quality of service guarantees.

Open Internet IPTV Services are accessed via the Internet, without QoS guarantees. Open Internet IPTV services are accessed via a service platform (e.g., a portal) that provides supporting facilities for multiple Service Providers.

2. References

2.1 Normative references

[DVB3D]ETSI, TS 101 547 V1.1.1, "DVB Frame Compatible Plano-Stereoscopic 3DTV"

2.2 OIPF references

[OIPFR1-1ERR1]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 1 IPTV Solution Version 1.1 Errata 1", July 2010.
[OIPFR1-1ERR2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 1 IPTV Solution Version 1.1 Errata 2", March 2011.
[OIPFR2-0ERR1]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 IPTV Solution Version 2.0 Errata 1", October 2010.
[OIPF_ARCH2]Open IPTV Forum, "Functional Architecture - V2.3", January 2014.
[OIPF_CSP2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 7 - Authentication, Content Protection and Service Protection", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_DAE2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 5 - Declarative Application Environment", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_HAS2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 2a - HTTP Adaptive Streaming", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_MEDIA2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 2 - Media Formats", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_META2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 3 - Content Metadata", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_PAE2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 6 - Procedural Application Environment", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_PROT2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 4 - Protocols", V2.3, January 2014.
[OIPF_REQS2]Open IPTV Forum, "Service and Platform Requirements", V2.0, December 2008.
[OIPF_SERV2]Open IPTV Forum, "Services and Functions for Release 2", V1.0, October 2008.
[OIPF_WSTVP2]Open IPTV Forum, "Release 2 Specification, Volume 5a - Web Standards TV Profile", V2.3, January 2014.

2.3 Informative references

No informative references.

3. Terminology and Conventions

3.1 Conventions

All sections in the present document are informative.

3.2 Definitions

3DTVPlano-stereoscopic three-dimensional television. Note that this definition is in line with [DVB3D].
Access NetworkThe network infrastructure used by the Access Provider to deliver IPTV services to the Consumer.
The access network infrastructure is used for the delivery of the content and may include quality of service management to ensure that appropriate network resources are available for the delivery of the content.
ApplicationCollection of assets and logic that together provide a Service to the User. Assets and logic may reside either in an application Server or in the ITF or both.
Catch-up TVA service that allows the end-user, using an EPG or a portal, to watch linear TV programs that were previously broadcasted.
Consumer DomainThe domain where the IPTV services are consumed. A consumer domain can consist of a single terminal or a network of terminals and related devices for service consumption.
Consumer NetworkThe local area network in which the IPTV Terminal Function is located. Consumer Networks include Residential Networks, hot spots, hotel networks etc.
Consumer(s)See End User(s).
ContentAn instance of audio, video, audio-video information, or data.
Content GuideAn on-screen guide to Scheduled Content and Content on Demand, allowing a User to navigate, select, and discover content by time, title, channel, genre, etc.
Content on Demand (CoD)A service where a user can select the individual content items they want to watch from the list of available content. Consumption of the content is started upon user request.
Content ProtectionMeans to protect content from unauthorized usage such as re-distribution, recording, playback, duplication etc.
Content ProviderEntity that provides Content and associated usage rights to the IPTV Service Provider.
End User(s)The individual(s) (e.g., members of the same family) who actually use the IPTV Services.
InternetThe Internet is the worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP).
IPTV Service ProviderEntity that offers IPTV Services and which has a contractual relationship with the Subscriber.
IPTV SolutionDefined by the Forum's specifications.
IPTV Terminal Function (ITF)The functionality within the Consumer Network that is responsible for terminating the media and control for an IPTV Service.
Local StorageContent storage within the administrative realm of the IPTV Service Provider, but not in their physical environment (for example, local storage could be a partition of storage located in the residential network and allocated to the Service Provider to pre-load CoD).
nPVRNetwork based Personal Video Recorder. Provision of PVR functionality whereby the content is stored in the IPTV Service Provider domain. The nPVR allows a user to schedule recording of scheduled content programs. The user can later select the content they want to watch from the recorded content.
PortalA function of a Service Platform that provides an entry point to individual IPTV Services to Users via a GUI.
ProgramA segment of Scheduled Content with a defined beginning and end.
Program GuideSee Content Guide.
Push CoDA type of Content on Demand where the content is pre-loaded to the ITF local storage by the Service Provider. The user has no direct control of what content is pre-loaded; however the Service Provider may make the choice based on user preferences and habits. Content is available for direct consumption after the user selection is confirmed.
Residential NetworkThe local network of devices (gateways and terminals) at the End User’s premises.
Scheduled ContentA service where the playout schedule is fixed by an entity other than the User. The Content is delivered to the user for immediate consumption.
ServiceContent and Applications provided by Service Platform Providers and Service Providers.
Service Access ProtectionMeans to protect IPTV Services from unauthorized usage/access, such as
  • Access from unauthorized users
  • DOS attack
Service Platform ProviderEntity which, based on a contractual relationship with IPTV Service Providers, provides the supporting functions for the delivery of IPTV Services, such as charging, access control and other functions which are not part of the IPTV Service, but required for managing its delivery.
Service ProtectionMeans to protect Contents (files or streams) during their delivery.
Session PortabilityAbility of a given Service/Application to be switched from one device to another for a continuation of a session in real time.
Start-over TVA service that enables the end user to playback a linear TV program that is currently being broadcasted from its start.
SubscriberThe individual that makes the contract (subscription) with a Service Provider for the consumption of certain Services.
Subscriber ProfileInformation associated with a subscription.
Trick ModeFacility to allow the User to control the playback of Content, such as pause, fast and slow playback, reverse playback, instant access, replay, forward and reverse skipping.
User ProfileInformation (e.g., viewing preferences) associated with a specific User who is a part of a subscription.
User(s)See End User(s).

3.3 Abbreviations

ADSLAsymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGApplication Gateway
AKAAuthentication and Key Agreement
APAccess Point and Authentication Proxy
APIApplication Programming Interface
A-RACFAccess Resource Admission Control Function
ASApplication Server
ASMAuthentication and Session Management
AVAuthentication Vector
A/VAudio and Video
BCGBroadband Content Guide
BTFBasic Transport Function
CACConnectivity Admission Control
CASConditional Access System
CCCluster Controller
CDContent Delivery
CDCConnected Device Configuration
CDFContent Delivery Function
CDNContent Delivery Network
CDNCCDN Controller
CDSContent Directory Service
CEConsumer Equipment
CENCCommon Encryption (in ISO base media file format files)
CGContent Guide
CKCiphering Key
CODContent on Demand
CPECustomer Premise Equipment
CPIContent Provider Interface
CSPContent and Service Protection
CSPGContent and Service Protection Gateway
DAEDeclarative Application Environment
DASHDynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP
DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DLNADigital Living Network Alliance
DLNA DMCDLNA Digital Media Controller
DLNA DMPDLNA Digital Media Player
DLNA DMRDLNA Digital Media Renderer
DLNA DMSDLNA Digital Media Server
DOSDenial of Service
DRMDigital Rights Management
DSCPDIFFServ Code Point
DSLDigital Subscriber Line
DTCP-IPDigital Transmission Content Protection over Internet Protocol
DTTDigital Terrestrial Television
DVB-IPDigital Video Broadcasting (over) Internet Protocol
ECMAEuropean Computer Manufacturers Association, ECMA International - European association for standardizing information and communication systems
EPGElectronic Program Guide
FEFunctional Entity
GBAGeneric Bootstrapping Architecture
GENAGeneral Event Notification Architecture
GPONGigabit Ethernet Passive Optical Network
GUIGraphical User Interface
HASHTTP Adaptive Streaming
HDHigh Definition
HDMIHigh Definition Multimedia Interface
HLAHigh Level Architecture
HNHome Network
HSSHome Subscriber Server
HTMLHyperText Markup Language
HTTPHypertext Transfer Protocol
IAIInternet Access Interface
IGIMS Gateway
IGMPInternet Group Management Protocol
IMPIIMS Private User Identity
IMPUIMS Public User identity
IMSIP Multimedia Subsystem
IPInternet Protocol
IPTVInternet Protocol Television
ISIMIMS Subscriber Identity Module
ISPInternet Service Provider
ITFIPTV Terminal Function
LANLocal Area Network
M/C-U/CMulticast to Unicast
MACMessage Authentication Code
MDTFMulticast Data Terminating Function
MSRPMessage Session Relay Protocol
NATNetwork Address Translation
nPVRNetwork Personal Video Recorder
OITFOpen IPTV Terminal Function
OMAOpen Mobile Alliance
PAEProcedural Application Environment
PCPersonal Computer
PIMProtocol Independent Multicast
PLMNPublic Land Mobile Network
POTSPlain Old Telephony Service
PSS(3GPP) Packet-switched Streaming Service
PVRPersonal Video Recorder
QoSQuality of Service
RACResource and Admission Control
RANDRandom Challenge
RCEFResource Control Enforcement Function
RTPReal Time Protocol
RTCPReal Time Control Protocol
RTSPReal Time Streaming Protocol
RMSRemote Management System
RUIRemote User Interface
SAAService Access Authentication
SCARTSyndicat des Constructeurs d'Appareils Radiorécepteurs et Téléviseurs
S-CSCFServing Call Session Control Function
SDStandard Definition
SD&SService Discovery and Selection
SDPSession Description Protocol
SLAService Level Agreement
SIMSubscriber Identity Module
SIPSession Initiation Protocol
SMSShort Message Service
SPService Provider
SPIService Provider Interface
SPDFService-based Policy Decision Function
SPPService Platform Provider
SSLSecure Sockets Layer
SSOSingle Sign-On
STBSet Top Box
TBDTo Be Determined
TCITransport and Control Interface
TCP/IPTransmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
UEUser Entity
UIUser Interface
UICCUniversal Integrated Circuit Card
UNIUser Network Interface
URIUniform Resource Identifier
URLUniform Resource Locator
USIMUniversal Subscriber Identity Module
VODVideo on Demand
WLANWireless LAN
WGWAN Gateway
WANWide Area Network
XHTMLeXtensible Hypertext Markup Language
XMLeXtensible Markup Language

4. Release 2 Specifications Overview (Informative)

The Release 2 IPTV Solution specifications build upon the Release 1 specifications, which were initially published as V1.0 in January 2009 and revised as V1.1 in October 2009.

The Release 2 Version 2.1 IPTV Solution includes several additional features, which conform to the Release 2 requirements, but which could not be completed in time for publication of Release 2 Version 2.0. This latest version also incorporates all previous errata identified for Release 1 Version 1.1 [OIPFR1-1ERR1] [OIPFR1-1ERR2] and Release 2 Version 2.0 [OIPFR2-0ERR1].

In the following sections, the term "Release 2" will be used to refer to both Versions 2.0 and 2.1 without making any distinction unless it is essential to an understanding of the text.

The Release 2 specifications provide an end-to-end solution for the deployment of the set of IPTV services described in [OIPF_SERV2], and enable any consumer end-device, compliant to the OIPF specifications, to access enriched and personalised IPTV services either in a managed or a non-managed network. The solution adheres to the Open IPTV Platform and Service Requirements for Release 2 [OIPF_REQS2] and is based on the Release 2 Architecture [OIPF_ARCH2].

Figure 2 shows a high-level logical view of the scope of the Release 2 Solution in terms of networks and functional entities in the residential network. Note that there is no prescription about how these functional entities are mapped to physical device implementations. For example, it is conceivable that a single residential device could host a terminal (OITF) function and any of the gateway functions (IMS-, Application-, and/or Content & Service Protection Gateways) in one “box”. Section 5.3.4 of the Release 2 Architecture specification [OIPF_ARCH2] describes many plausible deployment scenarios involving allocation of these functional entities to physical entities such as a TV or a STB.

Managed Network IPTV Services are provided from within an operator’s core network, enabling the Service Provider to make use of service enhancement facilities like multicast delivery and QoS provision.

Open Internet IPTV Services are accessed via an independently operated access network, with or without QoS guarantees. Open Internet IPTV services may be accessed via a service platform (e.g., a portal) that provides supporting facilities for multiple Service Providers.

figure 2
Figure 2: IPTV Solution scope

The Release 2 specifications provide an end-to-end solution that can provide any of the following IPTV Services:

These IPTV services can be provided generally in both the managed network and open internet modes of operation, but there may be differences in how each service is provided between these two modes of operation.

Functions are specified which enable attractive and innovative ways to provide the services listed above. They can be summarised as:

As is the stated goal of OIPF, wherever possible, relevant existing standards and specifications from industry initiatives are reused. The specifications refer to published specifications from various branches of the industry in order to build the Release 2 IPTV Solution, including most notably: 3GPP, Broadband Forum, CEA, CI Plus LLP, DLNA, DVB, ETSI TISPAN, IETF, JCP, Marlin Developer Community (MDC), MPEG, Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) and W3C. The specifications essentially provide the “glue” between these to build the IPTV Solution. The OIPF also engages with these fora to address gaps or necessary refinements, as appropriate.

Release 1 Version 1.1 of the IPTV Solution specification contained some minor new features, errata, and editorial improvements compared to Version 1.0.

The Release 2 Solution specifications add the following major features compared to Release 1:

The Release 2 Solution specifications are organised as nine Volumes, whereby Volumes 2-7, also 2a, 4a and 5a specify particular aspects of the IPTV Solution, as summarised in the following sub-sections.

Annex A of the present document provides an informative summary of all XML schema usage in the Release 2 Solution specifications.

4.1 Media Formats

Volume 2 [OIPF_MEDIA2] specifies the complete set of media formats adopted in Release 2, including audio, video and systems layers, also ancillary content like subtitles and resources used by other parts of the Solution, namely graphics and audio clip formats for the interactive application environments.

Support for H.264/AVC video and HE-AAC audio for content delivery services is mandatory, but further optional codecs are included in order to cater for specific regional requirements and migration from legacy deployments.

Video formats for A/V content services are specified for HD and SD formats. Release 2 adds sub-picture video profiles for PiP and other services.

Systems layers are specified based on MPEG-2 Systems (Transport Stream) and MP4 File Format, both of which are mandatory to be supported for unprotected content in the OITF. For protected files, three variants are specified - OMA DCF, OMA PDCF and Marlin IPMP.

Release 2 adds the following features related to media formats:

Release 2 also adds Volume 2a [OIPF_HAS2], a specification for HTTP Adaptive Streaming (HAS). This is based on 3GPP Release 9 PSS, but an extension is specified in order to accommodate the MPEG-2 TS systems layer as well as MP4 File Format. HAS also provides efficient management and delivery of component media streams (e.g. alternative audio languages) with adaptively streamed content.

In version 2.2 of Volume 2a, an alternative method for adaptive bitrate content delivery based on MPEG DASH is also specified. This replaces HAS as the preferred format for adaptive streaming.

4.2 Content Metadata

Volume 3 [OIPF_META2] specifies all aspects of content metadata, including service provider information and metadata delivery.

Two levels of service and content discovery and selection are defined, mirroring the DVB specifications, standardised by ETSI, for Service Discovery and Selection (SD&S), and Broadband Content Guide (BCG).

Whereas DVB SD&S foresees the delivery of metadata within XML documents, the IPTV Solution also enables service discovery via CE-HTML content as part of an interactive application hosted by the Declarative Application Environment (DAE), described below.

Provision is also made for metadata to be delivered within the content i.e. the MPEG-2 Transport Stream, namely as DVB Service Information, EIT present/following, without accompanying SDT information. This method ensures that at least a minimum of metadata is available to the OITF in every circumstance, e.g. when unicast retrieval of the metadata might be overloaded at the server. It is also very convenient for quick retrieval e.g. when the OITF is zapping through linear TV services.

Volume 3 specifies some extensions to DVB SD&S. Extensions are defined for the following purposes: DAE application signalling, bandwidth renegotiation, content and service protection control information, and file format indication.

Several extensions are also specified for BCG, namely: transport protocol indication, content protection information, and content format information, comprising audio, video, file format, transport protocol, and parental guidance information.

Metadata delivery is performed as specified in DVB SD&S and BCG, i.e. using DVBSTP for multicast delivery, and HTTP for unicast delivery. As specified by DVB, BCG data can be delivered in containers via unicast or multicast, including updates via TVA fragments. The OITF may also implement the SOAP Query mechanism to selectively retrieve BCG data.

Release 1 V1.1 of Volume 3 contained the following major changes compared to V1.0:

Release 2 of Volume 3 contains all amendments of metadata resources for the inclusion of the Release 2 services and functions.

4.3 Protocols

Volume 4 [OIPF_PROT2] brings together the specification of the complete set of protocols for the IPTV Solution, covering the reference point interfaces defined in the Release 2 Architecture [OIPF_ARCH2]. These reference points are classified as:

Figure 3 shows the functions inside each of the residential network functional entities and the set of UNI and HNI reference points that interface to them.

Note that the Application Gateway (AG) functional entity is optional, so that in its absence, OITFs communicate with services via the HNI-INI set of interfaces directly. This mode is also still possible when an AG is deployed.

Note also that Release 2 does not define the HNI-AGG and HNI-AGI interfaces.

figure 3
Figure 3: Residential Network; Functional Entities, UNI and HNI Reference Points

Table 1 gives a description of each of the UNI reference points and indicates which protocols have been specified for their realisation.

Table 1: UNI Reference Point Descriptions and Protocols
Reference PointDescriptionProtocols
UNIP-1Reference point for user initiated IPTV service profile management.HTTP, XCAP
UNIS-6Reference point for user interaction with application logic for transfer of user requests and interactive feedback of user responses (provider specific GUI). HTTP and FLUTE is used to interface between the DAE and the IPTV Application Function in both the managed and unmanaged models.HTTP, FLUTE
UNIS-6Reference point for user interaction with application logic for transfer of user requests and interactive feedback of user responses (provider specific GUI). HTTP and FLUTE is used to interface between the DAE and the IPTV Application Function in both the managed and unmanaged models.HTTP, FLUTE
UNIS-7Requests for transport and encoding of content guide metadata. The reference point includes the metadata and the protocols used to deliver the metadata, and shall be based on DVB-IP BCG.HTTP, DVBSTP
UNIS-8Authentication and session management for managed network model.IMS SIP
UNIS-9Authentication for GBA Single-Sign on.HTTP
UNIS-11Reference point for control of real time streaming (e.g. control for pause, rewind, skip forward). The reference point includes content delivery session setup in case of unmanaged.RTSP
UNIS-12Reference point between the AG and the provider specific application functional entity.HTTP, FLUTE
UNIS-13User Stream control for multicast of real time content and data for the managed network model.IGMP
UNIS-14Reference point used for authorization of service access for the unmanaged network model.HTTP
UNIS-15Reference point to the IPTV Service Discovery FE to obtain information about IPTV services offered by an IPTV Service Provider.HTTP, DVBSTP
UNIT-16Reference point used for Network Attachment.DHCP
UNIT-17Content stream including content; content encryption (for protected services) and content encoding. This reference point may be used for both multicast and unicast (UNIT-17M and UNIT-17U, respectively). RTP, HTTP, UDP
UNIT-18Performance monitoring interface for reporting the performance monitoring results.RTCP, RTSP
UNIS-19Reference point to the IPTV Service Provider Discovery functional entity to obtain the list of Service Providers, and related information.HTTP
UNI-RMSRemote Management using the Broadband Forum TR-069 framework.HTTP/TR-069
UNIS-CSP-TRights management for protected content - including key management and rights expression.HTTP/MARLIN

The NPI interfaces largely replicate reference point implementations specified by TISPAN.

The Volume 4 specification is organised in terms of each of the major protocols used, whereby the specific usage of each protocol for a particular IPTV Service or function is then stated.

For Release 2 the major additions are:

4.4 Declarative Application Environment

Volume 5 [OIPF_DAE2] specifies the browser-based Declarative Application Environment (DAE) that runs in the OITF functional entity. The DAE enables web technologies to be used to provide access to IPTV (and other) services deployed via both managed networks and the open internet.

The starting point for the DAE specification is CEA-2014, also known as CE-HTML. The CEA-2014 specification makes a selection from among the various available web technologies, namely XHTML 1.0 transitional or strict; DOM level 2 core, style, events and a subset of the HTML DOM; CSS TV 1.0; ECMA-262 Java-script and W3C (working draft) XMLHttpRequest. Both CEA-2014 and the DAE specification define more detail on these including exactly which parts are required and which are optional.

In addition the DAE specification also defines several extensions - the adoption of some properties of CSS-3 that avoid the use of Java-script for simple user interface navigation; tagged opcode replacement, for more streamlined user event generation; and most importantly, the capability exchange mechanism. This allows the IPTV server to customise offerings based on the signalled capabilities of the OITF. Examples of OITF capabilities that can be provided are media format and DRM-specific capabilities, local broadcast tuner control, PVR and content recording or download control.

The DAE specification also defines how SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) can be included, either within an HTML document (the same way as Flash is typically used) or as a stand-alone document. The version of SVG used is SVG Tiny 1.2, recently finalised by the W3C.

The specification provides several methods for service lifecycle management for use depending on the kind of application at hand. A security model is defined to control access from services to device capabilities, based on fine-grained permissions for each capability. Examples of such permissions are access to OITF configuration and settings, diagnostics and remote management functions, and interaction with the content and service protection agent. Note that a mechanism for services to request particular permissions and a mechanism to configure terminals to grant or refuse permissions have been deferred for later consideration and are not included in the Release 1 or Release 2 specification.

The specification contains the complete set of Java-script API definitions for the DAE.

For Release 2, as well as the inclusion of many amendments to accommodate the Release 2 services and functions, the major DAE-specific addition is media control via subset of the HTML5 <video> tag.

In Release 2 version 2.3, the profile of the set of W3C specifications upon which the DAE is based - HTML5 and other related web technologies - is contained in the new volume 5a - "Web Standards TV Profile" [OIPF_WSTVP2]. Volume 5 specifies how the OIPF Web Standards TV Profile is used for the presentation of user interfaces, including scripting support for interaction with network server-side applications and access to the APIs of the other OITF functions.

4.5 Procedural Application Environment

Volume 6 [OIPF_PAE2] specifies the Java-based Procedural Application Environment (PAE) that runs in the Application Gateway (AG) functional entity.

The PAE is based on DVB’s IPTV profile of GEM - Globally Executable Multimedia Home Platform. This is a powerful open Java execution environment that can allow multiple applications to run in parallel on the host device. Applications can be user-centric, such as EPG, PVR control or VoD client, or interactive applications associated with particular content, or system services like remote management, audience metering, data access tools and protocol handlers. The GEM platform provides a set of Java APIs that define a common core of TV-specific functionality for various markets. This includes user interface, access to content metadata, media (also TV-specific) decoding and rendering control.

Various deployment options exist for the AG. When deployed in a gateway device with no direct user interaction this is referred to as "headless" operation. PAE applications are also able to serve remote user interface elements for the DAE of connected OITFs. When combined with an OITF in a terminal device the PAE can provide direct interaction via the local user interface.

4.6 Authentication, Content Protection and Service Protection

Volume 7 [OIPF_CSP2] specifies the set of tools and methods to protect IPTV services and content, and for User authentication.

Two approaches are specified for content and service protection (CSP) - the terminal-centric approach (CSP-T), and the gateway-centric approach (CSP-G).

The terminal-centric approach provides the common protected content delivery solution deployed in compliant terminals, thereby offering a huge population of secure sinks for IPTV Services delivering protected content. CSP-T is an end-to-end protection system based on Marlin Broadband, defined by the Marlin Developer Community (MDC). With CSP-T the CSP-T client in the OITF interacts directly with the CSP-T server function in the network to acquire protected content.

The gateway-centric approach provides a content protection solution whereby the service provider is able to deploy any preferred protection system, or continue to use their current solution, to deliver protected content to the user, but the delivery protection is terminated in the CSP Gateway (CSPG) function and a common local protection solution is used to maintain protection on the content on the final link between the CSPG and the OITF.

Two methods are defined to realise the gateway-centric approach, one based on DTCP-IP - home network link encryption, and one based on CI+, the recently published enhancement of the DVB Common Interface, providing a secure channel for the content sourced by the module and for communications between module and host.

The DTCP-IP based option relies on a common CSPG function in the residential network that terminates the Service Provider protection solution and sources content streams protected with DTCP-IP link protection to one or more terminals in the home.

The CI+ based option relies on the provision of a separate CSPG device in the form of a CI+ CAM module which is hosted by each OITF device that is to have access to content and services provided by this means. Although originally targeted towards protected broadcast stream reception, the IPTV Solution foresees that the CI+ host can route protected content received via the IP interface to the CI+ interface and hence the CI+ host acting as CSPG.

As for user authentication, several methods are specified for use by IPTV Services, if required. User authentication can be performed by HTTP basic and digest authentication, network-side authentication, web-based authentication with user-entered credentials within a DAE application, GBA authentication using the ISIM in the IMS Gateway, or SAML web-based single sign-on authentication.

Release 1 V1.1 of Volume 7 added the following major changes compared to V1.0:

For Release 2, the major new features added to Volume 7 are:

Release 2 also adds an informative appendix on how the Gateway-Centric Approch (CSPG) can be applied to an embedded CSPG that terminates any chosen CA/DRM solution in a device that hosts both that CSPG and the OITF.

Appendix A. XML Schemas, Classification Schemes and Examples (Informative)

A.1 Imports

Table 2 lists the XML schema files that are imported into other schemas, but that are not defined by the Open IPTV Forum.

Table 2: Imported XML schema files
Schema NamespaceFilename

Table 3 lists the Classification Schemes that may be used in XML documents, but that are not defined by the Open IPTV Forum.

Table 3: Imported Classification Schemes
Classification SchemeFilename

A.2 Includes

The following are the schema files that are included into other schemas, i.e. they are not used independently to form XML documents. These schemas are defined by the Open IPTV Forum.

Table 4: OIPF XML Schema Include Files
Marlin PrivateDataType[OIPF_CSP2]csp-MarlinPrivateDataType.xsd

A.3 Redefines

The following are the schema files that have types which are used by the Open IPTV Forum through the use of redefine.

A.3.1 ce-html-profiles-1-0.xsd

Due to constraints within the XML schema syntax, this file is also modified to include an additional enumeration value in scalingType, “0.33x0.33”.

  <xs:simpleType name="scalingType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
      <xs:enumeration value="arbitrary"/>
      <xs:enumeration value="quartersize"/>
      <xs:enumeration value="none"/>
      <xs:enumeration value="0.33x0.33"/>

A.4 Schemas

Table 5 lists the XML schemas defined by the Open IPTV Forum.

Table 5: OIPF XML Schemas
Schema NamespaceDefinitionFilename

A.5 Classification Schemes

Table 6 lists the XML classification Schemes defined by the Open IPTV Forum for use in XML instance documents.

Table 6: OIPF XML Classification Schemes
Classification SchemeDefinitionFilename

A.6 Examples

Table 7 lists the XML instance documents provided as examples of the OIPF specifications

Table 7: OIPF XML Examples
Adaptive Streaming MPD[OIPF_HAS2]HAS-example.xml
OITF presence[OIPF_PROT2]oipf-presence-example.xml
Application Discovery Record[OIPF_META2]OIPF_ADR.xml
Broadcast Discovery Record[OIPF_META2]OIPF_BDR.xml
Package Discovery Record[OIPF_META2]OIPF_PDR.xml
Service Provider Discovery[OIPF_META2]OIPF_SPD.xml